What kind of fig tree do I have?

What kind of fig tree do I have?

Table of Contents

If you’re the proud owner of a fig tree, you probably already know how delightful it can be to harvest fresh, juicy figs right from your backyard. However, fig trees come in many different varieties, each with its own unique characteristics and growing requirements.

In this article, we will explore the question “What kind of fig tree do I have?” and provide you with some essential information to help you identify your tree and care for it properly.

The History of Fig Trees

Figs have been a valuable part of human agriculture for thousands of years, and many ancient societies revered them as a symbol of fertility and abundance. The earliest known cultivation of figs is believed to have taken place in the Middle East around 5,000 BC.

From there, figs spread throughout the Mediterranean and eventually to other parts of the world, including North America. Today, there are hundreds of different varieties of fig trees, each with its own unique characteristics and growing conditions.

Different Types of Fig Trees

There are numerous varieties of fig trees cultivated worldwide, each with its unique characteristics, flavors, and growing requirements. Here are some popular types of fig trees:

  1. Black Mission: Known for its sweet, rich flavor and deep purple to black skin. It is one of the most widely grown fig varieties.
  2. Brown Turkey: A versatile fig with a mild, sweet taste and brownish-purple skin. It is well-suited for fresh eating or drying.
  3. Adriatic (White): Often called “White Kadota,” it has a delicate, honey-like sweetness and greenish-yellow or pale green skin.
  4. Calimyrna: A large, flavorful fig with a nutty taste and golden-yellow skin with brownish streaks. It is commonly used for drying.
  5. Kadota: Mildly sweet with green to light yellow skin, this variety is great for both fresh consumption and drying.
  6. Sierra: A sweet and juicy fig with golden-yellow skin, often enjoyed fresh or used for making preserves.
  7. Brunswick: Known for its mellow and honeyed flavor, it has green to light yellow skin and is suitable for fresh eating.
  8. Conadria: A sweet and tangy fig with pale green skin, ideal for fresh consumption and canning.
  9. Panachee (Tiger): This unique fig features green stripes on a yellow background and has a sweet, fruity taste.
  10. Alma: A sweet and tropical fig with green to light yellow skin, often enjoyed fresh or used in desserts.
  11. King: A large fig with a rich, sweet flavor and dark purple skin.
  12. Olympian: A flavorful fig with deep purple skin and a complex taste profile.
  13. Violette de Bordeaux: A small to medium-sized fig with intensely sweet, berry-like flavors and dark purple to black skin.
  14. Green Ischia: A sweet and slightly nutty fig with light green skin, commonly enjoyed fresh or dried.
  15. San Pedro: Sweet and tropical, with yellow skin and green highlights, used for fresh consumption and preserves.
  16. White Marseilles: A sweet and honey-like fig with greenish-yellow skin, great for fresh eating and drying.
  17. Italian Honey: Offers a sweet flavor with a touch of citrus, and has green to light yellow skin.
  18. Florea: A mildly sweet and slightly tangy fig with light green skin, often used for fresh eating.
  19. Long Yellow: Sweet with subtle floral hints, elongated and cylindrical in shape, with pale yellow skin.

These are just a few examples of the many fig tree varieties that exist worldwide. The taste, texture, and appearance of figs can vary significantly among different types, offering a delightful diversity of flavors for fruit enthusiasts to explore.

How to Identify Your Fig Tree?

Identifying your fig tree involves observing its physical characteristics, such as leaves, fruits, and overall growth habits. Here are steps to help you identify your fig tree:

Fruit Characteristics

Color: Fig fruits come in various colors, including green, purple, brown, or black. Pay attention to the color of the figs produced by your tree.
Size and Shape: Different fig varieties produce fruits of varying sizes and shapes. Some figs are small and round, while others are larger and pear-shaped.
Texture: The texture of the fig skin can also vary between varieties, ranging from smooth to slightly rough.
Flavor: Taste the figs to determine their flavor profile. Some fig varieties are sweet and honey-like, while others have a more complex or tangy taste.

Leaf Characteristics

Size and Shape: Examine the leaves of the tree. Leaf size and shape can vary between fig varieties, with some having larger or more deeply lobed leaves than others.
Color and Texture: Fig tree leaves may differ in color and texture, with variations in shades of green and leaf surface smoothness.

Growth Habit

Tree Size and Shape: Different fig varieties exhibit various growth habits, ranging from compact shrubs to larger trees. Some varieties may have a spreading or bushy appearance, while others grow more upright.
Branching Pattern: Pay attention to the branching pattern of the tree, as this can also vary between varieties.

Harvest Time

The time of year when figs ripen can vary depending on the variety. Some varieties ripen earlier in the season, while others ripen later. Note the timing of fruit ripening on your tree.

If you’re still unsure about the variety of your fig tree, consider seeking guidance from local nurseries, agricultural extension offices, or experienced gardeners who may have knowledge about common fig varieties in your area.
By considering these factors and comparing them with available resources or expert guidance, you can work towards identifying the specific variety of your fig tree.

Remember that there are numerous fig tree varieties, and identifying the specific type may require some research and observation. However, once you determine the type of fig tree you have, you can better understand its care needs and enjoy its unique characteristics and fruits.

Is there a difference between a fig tree and a fig bush?

Yes, there is a difference between a fig tree and a fig bush, primarily based on their growth habit and size.

  1. Fig Tree: A fig tree refers to a woody perennial plant that belongs to the Ficus genus, specifically Ficus carica. Fig trees are medium to large-sized trees that can grow up to 10 to 30 feet in height or even taller under ideal conditions. They have a well-defined trunk with branches spreading out to form a wide canopy. Fig trees have a long lifespan and can produce fruits for many years. The leaves of fig trees are large, with a distinct hand or maple leaf-like shape.
  2. Fig Bush: The term “fig bush” is more loosely used and can refer to a smaller, bushy, or shrub-like growth form of certain fig tree varieties. In this context, a fig bush may have a more compact growth habit and a shorter stature compared to traditional fig trees. Some varieties of figs, especially those grown in containers or smaller spaces, may exhibit a bush-like appearance rather than developing into full-sized trees.

It’s important to note that the growth habit of fig trees can vary depending on factors such as variety, growing conditions, and pruning practices. Some fig tree varieties naturally have a more bushy or compact growth habit, while others are more typical tree-like in their form. Regardless of their growth habit, both fig trees and fig bushes can produce delicious and nutritious fig fruits.

Can fig trees be grown indoors?

Yes, fig trees can be grown indoors in containers. When growing a fig tree indoors, it is important to provide the tree with bright, indirect sunlight for several hours each day. Additionally, indoor fig trees should be kept warm and in a humid environment. They will also need regular watering and fertilizing as well as protection from pests. With proper care, an indoor fig tree can produce delicious fruit for many years.

Indoor fig trees should be protected from drafts and extreme temperatures to ensure their health and productivity. They should also be repotted every 1-2 years to provide them with fresh soil and adequate space for root growth. Finally, pruning may be necessary in order to promote a healthy, well-shaped tree. With proper care and attention, indoor fig trees can be very rewarding.

Are there any special considerations when growing multiple varieties of fig trees in the same area?

When growing multiple varieties of fig trees in the same area, it is important to consider how they will interact with each other. Some varieties may cross-pollinate, resulting in weaker or hybridized offspring.

Additionally, different varieties of figs may require different watering and pruning schedules, so it is important to be mindful of how these needs will affect each other. It is also important to make sure that the trees are spaced out far enough to allow for adequate air circulation and sunlight exposure. With careful consideration, multiple varieties of figs can thrive in the same area.

Can you grow a fig tree from another fig tree?

Yes, it is possible to grow a fig tree from another fig tree. Propagation can be done either through stem cuttings or air layering. To propagate by stem cuttings, choose healthy stems and take a cutting about six inches in length just below the node of the stem. Then, place the cutting in soil that has been amended with organic matter such as compost, and place it in a warm, sunny spot. Keep the soil moist but not soggy until the cutting has established itself.

To propagate by air layering, choose a healthy stem and strip away all of the leaves from around one node. Then, wrap the node with moist sphagnum moss and secure it with string or wire to hold it in place. Roots should form within a few weeks, and once they have been established, the stem cutting can be severed from the parent plant and planted separately. With proper care, both methods of propagation can result in a healthy fig tree.

What type of fig tastes best?

The variety of figs that taste best will depend on personal preference. Some popular varieties include the Black Mission, Brown Turkey, Kadota, Calimyrna, and Tiger figs.

The Black Mission is a sweet dark-skinned fig that is often used for jams and jellies. Brown Turkey figs are milder in flavor with greenish-brown skin and sweet, pink flesh.

Kadota figs are light green with a smooth texture and mild flavor. Calimyrna figs have a nutty taste and yellow-green skin, while Tiger figs are dark purple in color and very sweet.

With so many varieties to choose from, you are sure to find one that suits your taste buds!


Figs are a delicious and nutritious fruit that can be enjoyed fresh, dried, or in various recipes. To ensure a healthy fig tree with an abundance of fruits each season, it is important to choose the right soil and provide adequate watering and fertilization. There are many varieties of figs to choose from, so you’re sure to find one that best suits your tastes. With proper care, a fig tree can provide years of enjoyment and sweet rewards!


• Biltmore Estate. “Fig Trees: Planting & Care Tips.” Biltmore,27 Jan 2021, https://www.biltmore.com/gardens/fig-trees-planting-care-tips/.

• Colorado State University Extension. “Fig Trees.” CSU Extension, Accessed 14 Feb 2021, https://extension.colostate.edu/topic-areas/yard-garden/figs/.

• Goyne, Debra. “Fig Varieties: How to Choose the Best Fig Tree”. The Spruce, 28 Aug 2019, https://www.thespruce.com/fig-tree-varieties-3269353.

• Norkus, Stephen P., et al. “Figs (Ficus carica L.): Postharvest Care and Storage”. University of California Agriculture & Natural Resources, Accessed 14 Feb 2021, https://ucanr.edu/sites/Postharvest_Technology_Center_files/259276.pdf.

• Planting Tree. “Fig Care: How to Grow Figs” PlantingTree, 5 Jan 2021, https://www.plantingtree.com/trees/fig-care-how-to-grow-figs/.

• United States Department of Agriculture. “Ficus carica”. USDA ARS GRIN Taxonomy, Accessed 14 Feb 2021, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=6106.

• University of Georgia Department of Horticulture. “Growing Figs in the Home Garden”. UGA Extension, Accessed 14 Feb 2021, https://extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.html?number=C818&title=Growing%20Figs%20in%20the%20Home%20Garden.

• WGNO. “Fig Trees: Planting, Care and Harvesting”. WGNO ABC26, 19 June 2020, https://www.wgno.com/sponsored/fig-trees-planting-care-and-harvesting/.

arthur alexander

arthur alexander

My name is Arthur Alexander, and I am a fig farmer. I'm proud to say that the fruits of my labor (figs) have been enjoyed by many over the years! Fig farming might not be everyone's cup of tea, but it has certainly been mine for quite some time now.

Arthur Alexander
Arthur Alexander

My name is Arthur Alexander, and I am a fig farmer. I'm proud to say that the fruits of my labor (figs) have been enjoyed by many over the years! Fig farming might not be everyone's cup of tea, but it has certainly been mine for quite some time now.

about me

My name is Arthur Alexander, and I am a fig farmer. I’m proud to say that the fruits of my labor (figs) have been enjoyed by many over the years! Fig farming might not be everyone’s cup of tea, but it has certainly been mine for quite some time now.

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